Is Herpes infection related to HIV？Can genital herpes turn into HIV/AIDS? Factually, Herpes and HIV do not occur from the same virus. Any patient infected with any of these viruses is possibly going to transmit any of these diseases to their partners. Also, patients who are infected with herpes tend to be more vulnerable to becoming infected with HIV.
Today， my answer is NO. Herpes does not cause HIV directly. However, this can not be used as a reason to ignore herpes.
According to the statistic, having genital herpes can increase the risk of being infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and it can cause serious problems for people living with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).
People who have genital herpes sores are more likely to be infected with HIV during intercourse. When you develop a sore, the immune system tries to heal it, so there are many immune cells concentrated in that spot. Those are the cells that HIV infects. If HIV in semen, vaginal fluid, or blood comes in contact with a herpes sore, the risk for infection is high.
That is why people recently diagnosed to have herpes ought to be tested for the infection of HIV as well as related sexually transmitted diseases.
The Compound Effect of Genital Herpes and HIV
HIV and the genital herpes virus are a troublesome duo. One can worsen the effects of the other. Research shows that when the herpes virus is active, it may cause HIV to make more copies of itself (the process called replication) than it would otherwise. The more HIV replicates, the more of the body’s infection-fighting cells it destroys, eventually leading to AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome).
Due to the interaction between the HSV and the HIV, people who contract both HIV and HSV are likely to get a larger amount of HIV viral loads. Similarly, if the immune system of a person is suppressed by HIV, they have the tendency to probably and asymptomatically shed herpes simplex virus.
STIs (Sexually Transmitted Infections) that is the reason for open injuries on the privates, similar to syphilis, or herpes can develop the transmission of HIV. This is on the grounds that the open wounds make it simpler for the HIV infection to get into the body. Additionally, the moment you are infected, your immune system feels a kick, delivering a disease-fighting cell known as macrophages. For the HIV virus, it has the tendency to tie to these macrophages, which exist inside of the mucous membranes just like the anus or the vagina, and therefore, cross these membranes right into the circulatory system. If you are infected in your genital region, macrophages are particularly focused there, offering HIV more chances to go into your body.
Individuals who are infected with both HIV infection and Herpes infection are additionally more inclined to transmit their infection to their sexual partner. The activity or replication of the herpes virus inside of the body seems to expand the viral loads of HIV (meaning that, an increase which occurs with the presence of sexual fluids and HIV in the blood). Additionally, in light of the compromising effects of HIVs on the immune system, it can bring about long-lasting or even more severe herpes outbreaks. This can result in the increased transmission of HIV since transmission is more probable during the outbreaks of herpes. Now, to treat both the HIV and herpes infection may help reduce the danger of transmission occurrence of the two infections.
Genital Herpes and HIV Treatment Issues
It’s more difficult to treat genital herpes if you also have HIV. Higher doses of antiviral drugs are often needed to treat herpes in people with HIV. Also, many people with HIV have strains of the herpes virus that are resistant to treatment with the standard antiviral drugs.
If you take antiviral drugs for genital herpes and the treatment isn’t working, your doctor can test the virus you have for resistance. If the virus is resistant, there are other possible treatment alternatives, including the drugs Foscarnet and cidofovir.
If you have HIV, ask your doctor if you should be tested for genital herpes. If you already know that you have herpes and HIV, discuss treatment options with your doctor.
Treating herpes and HIV is the only way to reduce the transmission.
Herpes or not, try considering these few options if you are sexually active:
• Don’t forget to use latex condoms during oral, vaginal or anal sex.
• Refraining from sex during herpes outbreak could decrease the chances of transmitting both herpes and HIV.
• Get tested regularly for herpes and HIV, and if any treatments are required, they shouldn’t be delayed under any circumstance.
• Avoid promiscuous behavior and if you are having sex with new partners, talk to them about any past or current infections first.
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